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Aemilia Territory

Our Territory
If Lombardy and Milan are identified as Italy's head, Emilia Romagna can confidently be described as its stomach. This region, which ranges from the northern slopes of the Apennines to the south east of the Po plain, mainly cultivates wheat and sugar beets on its 150,000 farms. In topographical terms, the region is divided into an extensive plain and the Apennines Mountains. The summers are hot and humid while the winters are rainy and cold. The soils here are more barren - depending on the zone, they consist of residual pebbles and red loam -and thanks to the good air circulation, the climate is less humid.
With an annual production in excess of 158 gallons, Emilia Romagna is Italy's fourth biggest wine producer after Sicily, Apulia, and Veneto.

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Piacenza has always been a land of wine. Evidence of this are the many archaeological finds unearthed in the territory, such as the famous Roman silver goblet, called "Gutturnium", found in the waters of the River Po in 1878; the small bronze statue of a drinking Hercules dated first cent. AD, dug out during excavations at Veleja Romana in 1760; and the well-known "Etruscan liver" (2nd cent. BC), a small bronze model of a sheep liver used in divination is covered with inscriptions, including the name of the Etruscan god of wine.
During several excavations, many fossils of vines, stumps and grape seeds were also found, and small vessels
(paterae) used in libation, which date back to the pre-Roman period.
Piacenza can indeed boast a century-long wine-making tradition.

Its noble wines were appreciated by popes and kings, like Pope Paul III Farnese and Philip V of Spain, to name but two. Even the great Renaissance artist Michelangelo is supposed to have delighted in Piacenza wines. Piacenza wines graced the table of the Emperor Napoleon and were taken away as spoils of war by valiant conquerors, including Charles V of Spain. Princes and men of arms, like Alberto Scoto, Bartolomeo Colleoni, and the Visconti, Piccinino and Sforza families, were partial to them.
In Roman times, senator Lucius Calpurnius Piso (father in law of Julius Caesar) had to bear the reproaches of his fellow senator, and enemy, Cicero for drinking one glass too many of our delicious wines.
The
Tabula Alimentaria Traianea, the most complete Roman inscription on bronze ever unearthed, records how vines were grown, and tells about a particularly palatable wine which was made in Veleja, a Roman settlement on the hills around Piacenza.

Vine-growing in the province of Piacenza covers an area of 6,313 hectares of agricultural land, 100% of which is located on the hills, at an altitude ranging between 150 and 450 m. The hectares included in the Register of CDO Colli Piacentini are 4.515, that is 71.5% of all lands cultivated with vines.
The number of vine-growing estates amounts to about 3,323. Grape production in the province of Piacenza totals an average of 60,000 tons per year (with an average yield of 10 tons per hectare), from which approximately 400,000 hectoliters of wine are made. Most vine-growing estates produce their own wines directly, although only part of the grapes are made into wine.


However, a major influence on vine-growing in Piacenza were the Greeks, who grew vines on low stumps, one next to the other, and pruned them heavily. The same training system of Greek descent can also be found in Piedmont, Liguria and the south of France, as well as in Spain and Portugal.


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